Breast Biopsy Test in Hyderabad
A biopsy is ordered by oncologists to confirm the diagnosis of cancer. It is a definite way of making an apt diagnosis of breast cancer. For diagnosing breast cancer, a small amount of breast tissue or fluid is removed and examined under a microscope. A surgical oncologist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, orders biopsy when mammography tests results show any abnormality in the breast tissue. Breast sample is extracted using fine-needle aspiration biopsy – A thin needle is employed to remove a small sample of breast cells and tissues. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for further tests and analysis. Pathologists observe breast cells under a microscope. They are specialists with expertise in examining and evaluating cells and tissues and interpreting results.
There are different types of biopsies
The classification is based on the type of technique or the size of the needle used to remove a breast tissue sample. Breast biopsy test cost in Hyderabad varies.
Fine needle aspiration biopsy or Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC)
In this type of procedure, a doctor uses a thin (fine) needle to remove a small sample of cells from the breast.
Core Needle Biopsy
This technique of extracting breast cells and tissue sample uses a wider needle so that a large sample of tissue is removed from the breast. This technique is usually a preferred procedure to further analyse breast tissue to know whether the abnormality detected by imaging tests is invasive cancer and also to detect breast cancer biomarkers (ER, PR) and HER2. Detection of these biomarkers is also important to know the type of breast cancer (for instance, a triple-negative breast cancer lacks all these three biomarkers). This differentiation of breast cancer cells is important in making treatment plans and decisions as a treatment modality for triple-negative breast cancer is different. Local anaesthesia is used during this procedure to block pain.
Surgical biopsy is recommended to remove a large sample. This type of biopsy is not usually the recommended mode of diagnosing breast cancer. In the case of breast cancer, surgery is recommended once a cancer diagnosis has been made. Preferably, in the majority of the cases, a core needle biopsy is recommended to diagnose breast cancer.
This type of biopsy makes use of imaging techniques. The imaging techniques used in this procedure include ultrasound, mammography or MRI. In this procedure a needle is guided to the lump or mass in the breast by using imaging techniques – for instance, mammography is used in an image-guided biopsy procedure (stereotactic biopsy) to guide a needle to the location of mass or lump in the breast. A lady surgical oncologist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer will explain to you about the type of biopsy needed for your case.
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
Breast cancer spreads through lymph nodes as well. Breast cancer reaches to a lymph node or a group of lymph nodes. A lymph node or group of the lymph node to which breast cancer reaches first is called “Sentinel lymph node”. These lymph nodes are present under the arms (axillary lymph nodes) near the breast. When a biopsy is done from sentinel lymph nodes, it is known as Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy. This biopsy procedure helps surgical oncologist to find out whether breast cancer is present in axillary lymph nodes near the breast.
Breast biopsy test cost in Hyderabad: Depending on the type of biopsy procedure, breast biopsy test cost in Hyderabad varies. However, Fine needle aspiration biopsy is relatively affordable.
Breast sample analysis helps oncologists to learn more about breast cancer. Oncologists learn more about the specific features of breast cancer cells to determine the best treatment options.